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  • 5-oxo-ETE Receptor Ligands

A receptor for bioactive lipids

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A combinatorial peptide library contains an enormous combination of amino acid sequences and drug candidates, but an effective screening strategy to identify a variety of bioactive peptides has yet to be established. In this article, a random hexapeptide library was screened to identify novel peptide ligands for a 5-oxo-ETE receptor (OXER), which is a G-protein-coupled receptor for bioactive lipids, by using an OXER-Gi1alpha fusion protein. We successfully identified 2 hexapeptides-Ac-HMQLYF-NH2 and Ac-HMWLYF-NH(2)-that exhibited agonistic activity. Although the corresponding affinities were relatively low (EC50 values of 146 and 6.7 microM, respectively), the activities were confirmed by other independent cell-based assay methods, namely, intracellular calcium mobilization and cell chemotaxis. This study demonstrates that a combinatorial peptide library may be screened using a [35S]GTPgammaS binding assay with G-protein-coupled receptor (GPCR)-Galpha fusion proteins, in general, and that of peptide ligands can be obtained even for nonpeptide receptors.

Sasaki Y, Tsujii T, Takeda S, et al. Identification of novel peptide agonists from a random peptide library for a 5-oxo-ETE receptor, a receptor for bioactive lipids. J Pept Sci. 2008;14(12):1251-8.

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